The Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus) has a fragmented breeding range on the Eurasian tundra. The whole population was estimated at more than 100,000 birds 50 years ago. But until the 1990s it showed a dramatic decrease to less than 30000 birds. Today, the Fennoscandian breeding population is close to extinction. Since the 1930’s it decreased from 10,000 to currently less than 150 birds. Now there are less than 30 breeding pairs. A very drastic decline was recorded in Finland in the region of Oulu. At this traditional staging area on their migratory route, in 2003 only about 10 birds and in spring 2004 only 4 Lesser Whitefronts were seen (20 years ago there were about 100 birds in the region of Oulu).
The remnants of the Fennoscandian breeding population are living in Norway today. The last breeding records from Finland and Sweden have been recorded during the mid-1990s. Since then, the Lesser White-fronted Goose was declared as an extinct breeding species in both countries.
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